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<em>Smoky Mountain Magic</em>

Smoky Mountain Magic

SMOKY MOUNTAIN MAGIC--Horace Kephart's fictional adventure set in the Deep Creek watershed, Cherokee Indian Reservation, and Bryson City in the summer of 1925. Written in 1929 and never before published. The original manuscript was passed down for 3 generations recently surfaced during the park's 75th anniversary celebration. "What better topic than a journey into a forbidden realm, complete with witches, robber barons, noble savages and a winsome lady, all wrapped in a cloak of mystery and myth?" asks reviewer Gary Carden. Kephart is featured in Ken Burn's PBS series on our national parks. He is the author of "Our Southern Highlanders", "Cherokees of the Smokies", and "Camping and Woodcraft". Available in hardcover and softcover. Read More >

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Vascular Plant Checklist

A checklist for the Vascular Plants of Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Provided by Great Smoky Mountains Association

Click here to download a PDF version of the list.

Spring Wildflower Pilgrimage

Spring Wildflower Pilgrimage

KEY

ABUNDANCE
c = Common—characteristic and dominant
f = Frequent—generally encountered
o = Occasional—well distributed, but nowhere abundant
i = Infrequent—scattered locales throughout park
s = Scarce—several locales or scattered small populations
r = Rare—l or 2 locales, small populations
h = Historic—documented in Park’s flora, but not seen for at least 50 years x = Believed extirpated

RANGE
lo = Low elevations—850’-2,500’
mid = Middle elevations—2,500’-4,500’
hi = High elevations—4,500’-6,600’
wr = Wide range of elevations
hs = Found near old homesites
unk = Status unknown Non-native species

Wildflowers by Ricky Smith

Wildflowers by Ricky Smith

FERN AND FERN ALLIES
ASPLENIACEAE
·Asplenium montanum Mountain spleenwort f, wr
·Asplenium pinnatifidum Lobed spleenwort r, lo
·Asplenium platyneuron Ebony spleenwort f, lo-mid
·Asplenium resiliens Black-stem spleenwort r, lo
·Asplenium rhizophyllum Walking fern i, lo-mid
·Asplenium ruta-muraria Wall-rue r, lo
·Asplenium trichomanes ssp. trichomanes Maidenhair spleenwort o, wr

BLECHNACEAE
·Woodwardia areolata Netted chain fern s, lo
·Woodwardia virginica Virginia chain fern x, lo

DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
·Dennstaedtia punctilobula Eastern hay-scented fern f, wr
·Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum Northern bracken fern f, wr
·Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum Bracken fern r, wr

DRYOPTERIDACEAE
·Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides Southern lady fern c, wr
·Cystopteris bulbifera Bulblet bladder fern r, lo
·Cystopteris protrusa Lowland bladder fern f, wr
·Deparia acrostichoides Silvery-spleenwort f, wr
·Diplazium pycnocarpon Glade fern s, lo-mid
·Dryopteris campyloptera Mountain wood fern f, hi
·Dryopteris celsa Log fern r, lo
·Dryopteris cristata Crested wood fern, r, lo
·Dryopteris goldiana Goldie’s wood fern s, mid
·Dryopteris intermedia Evergreen wood fern c, wr
·Dryopteris marginalis Marginal wood fern f, lo-mid
·Dryopteris X separabilis Hybrid wood fern r, lo
·Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive fern s, lo
·Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern c, wr
·Woodsia obtusa Blunt-lobe cliff fern s, lo

EQUISETACEAE
·Equisetum arvense Field horsetail r, lo

HYMENOPHYLLACEAE
·Hymenophyllum tayloriae Taylor’s filmy fern r, mid
·Trichomanes petersii Dwarf bristle fern r, lo
·Trichomanes intricatum Weft fern r, mid

ISOETACEAE
·Isoetes valida True quillwort s, lo
·Isoetes appalachiana Appalachian quillwort r, lo

LYCOPODIACEAE
·Huperzia appalachiana Appalachian club-moss r, hi
·Huperzia lucidula Shining club-moss f, wr
·Huperzia porophila Rock club-moss r, lo
·Lycopodium annotinum Stiff ground-pine h, hi
·Lycopodium clavatum Running ground-pine o, mid-hi
·Lycopodium complanatum Trailing ground-pine o, wr
·Lycopodium dendroideum Tree ground-pine h, mid
·Lycopodium digitatum Fan ground-pine o, wr
·Lycopodium hickeyi Pennsylvania ground-pine o, lo-mid
·Lycopodium obscurum Princess-pine o, lo-mid
·Lycopodium tristachyum Deep-root ground-pine i, lo-mid

LYGODIACEAE
·Lygodium palmatum American climbing fern s, lo-mid

OPHIOGLOSSACEAE
·Botrychium biternatum Sparse-lobe grape fern i, lo-mid
·Botrychium dissectum Cut-leaf grape fern f, wr
·Botrychium lanceolatum var. angustisegmentum Lance-leaf moonwort r, lo
·Botrychium matricariifolium Daisy-leaf moon-wort, r, mid
·Botrychium oneidense Blunt-lobe grape fern r, lo
·Botrychium virginianum Rattlesnake fern f, wr
·Ophioglossum vulgatum Southern Adder-tongue s, lo

OSMUNDACEAE
·Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon fern f, wr
·Osmunda claytoniana Interrupted fern s, wr
·Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis Royal fern s, lo

P O LY P O D I AC E A E
·Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. michauxiana Resurrection fern i, lo
·Polypodium appalachianum Appalachian polypody f, wr

PTERIDIACEAE
·Adiantum pedatum Northern maidenhair f, lo-mid
·Cheilanthes alabamensis Alabama lip fern r, lo
·Cheilanthes lanosa Hairy lip fern r, lo
·Cheilanthes tomentosa Woolly lip fern r, lo
·Pellaea atropurpurea Purple-stem cliffbrake s, lo

SELAGINELLACEAE
·Selaginella apoda Meadow spike-moss s, lo-mid

THELYPTERIDACEAE
·Phegopteris connectilis Narrow beech fern r, hi
·Phegopteris hexagonoptera Broad beech fern f, wr
·Thelypteris noveboracensis New York fern c, wr
·Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens Eastern marsh fern r, lo

VITTARIACEAE
·Vittaria appalachiana Appalachian shoestring fern r, mid

GYMNOSPERMS
CUPRESSACEAE
·Juniperus chinensis Chinese juniper r, lo
·Juniperus virginiana Eastern red-cedar o, lo
·Platycladus orientalis Oriental-arborvitae r, lo
·Thuja occidentalis Eastern arborvitae r, lo

PINACEAE
·Abies fraseri Fraser’s fir o, hi
·Picea abies Norway spruce r, lo & hi
·Picea rubens Red spruce c, hi
·Pinus echinata Short-leaf pine o, lo-mid
·Pinus palustris Long-leaf pine r, lo
·Pinus pungens Table Mountain pine o, mid
·Pinus rigida Pitch pine c, lo-mid
·Pinus strobus Eastern white pine f, lo-mid
·Pinus taeda Loblolly pine r, lo
·Pinus virginiana Virginia pine c, lo-mid
·Tsuga canadensis Eastern hemlock f, wr

ANGIOSPERMS– MONOCOTYLEDONEAE
ACORACEAE
·Acorus calamus Single-vein sweetflag r, hs

AGAVACEAE
·Yucca filamentosa Adam's-needle o, lo

ALISMATACEAE
·Alisma subcordatum American water-plantain r, lo
·Sagittaria latifolia Duck-potato r, lo

ARACEAE
·Arisaema dracontium Greendragon r, lo
·Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum Southern jack-in-the-pulpit unk
·Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit c, wr
·Peltandra virginica Green arrow-arum h, lo

COMMELINACEAE
·Commelina communis Asiatic dayflower o, lo
·Commelina diffusa Climbing dayflower o, lo
·Commelina erecta White-mouth dayflower r, lo
·Commelina virginica Virginia dayflower r, lo
·Murdannia keisak Wart-removing-herb i, lo
·Tradescantia ohiensis Bluejacket r, lo
·Tradescantia subaspera var. montana Mountain spiderwort f, lo-mid
·Tradescantia subaspera var. subaspera Zigzag spiderwort h, lo-mid
·Tradescantia virginiana Virginia spiderwort r, lo

CYPERACEAE
·Bulbostylis capillaris Dense-tuft hair sedge r, lo
·Carex abscondita Thicket sedge r, lo
·Carex aestivalis Summer sedge f, mid-hi
·Carex aggregata Glomerate sedge r, lo
·Carex albicans var. albicans White-tinge sedge o, mid-hi
·Carex albicans var. australis White-tinge sedge r, mid
·Carex albicans var. emmonsii White-tinge sedge r, lo
·Carex albolutescens Green-white sedge r, lo
·Carex albursina White bear sedge r, lo
·Carex amphibola Eastern narrow-leaf sedge s, lo-mid
·Carex annectens Yellow-fruit sedge r, lo
·Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge r, wr
·Carex atlantica ssp. atlantica Prickly bog sedge s, lo
·Carex atlantica ssp. capillacea Howe's sedge r, lo
·Carex austrocaroliniana Tarheel sedge o, lo
·Carex baileyi Bailey’s sedge r, lo
·Carex biltmoreana Stiff sedge r, hi
·Carex blanda Eastern woodland sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex brevior Short-beak sedge r, lo
·Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides Brome-like sedge f, wr
·Carex brunnescens ssp. sphaerostachya Brownish sedge c, hi
·Carex caroliniana Carolina sedge r, lo
·Carex cephalophora Oval-leaf sedge s, lo
·Carex cherokeensis Cherokee sedge o, lo
·Carex communis var. communis Fibrous-root sedge c, mid-hi
·Carex communis var. amplisquama Fibrous-root sedge r, hi
·Carex complanata Hirsute sedge r, lo
·Carex crebiflora Coastal-plain sedge unk
·Carex crinita var. brevicrinis Fringed sedge r, lo
·Carex crinita var. crinita Fringed sedge f, wr
·Carex cristatella Crested sedge r, hi
·Carex cumberlandensis Cumberland sedge r, lo
·Carex debilis var. debilis White-edge sedge unk
·Carex debilis var. interjecta White-edge sedge c, hi
·Carex debilis var. pubera White-edge sedge s, mid
·Carex debilis var. rudgei White-edge sedge c, mid-hi
·Carex digitalis var. digitalis Slender woodland sedge f, lo-mid
·Carex eburnea Bristle-leaf sedge r, lo
·Carex frankii Frank’s sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex gracillima Graceful sedge r, hi
·Carex granularis Limestone-meadow sedge r, lo
·Carex gravida var. lunelliana Heavy sedge r, lo
·Carex grayi Gray’s sedge r, mid
·Carex grisea Inflated narrow-leaf sedge s, lo
·Carex gynandra Nodding sedge f, hi
·Carex hirsutella Fuzzy-wuzzy sedge r, lo-mid
·Carex intumescens Greater bladder sedge c, wr
·Carex jamesii James’ sedge r, lo
·Carex kraliana Kral’s sedge r, lo
·Carex laevivaginata Smooth-sheath sedge s, mid
·Carex laxiculmis var. copulata Spreading sedge r, lo
·Carex laxiculmis var. laxiculmis Spreading sedge s, lo
·Carex laxiflora Broad loose-flower sedge f, lo-mid
·Carex leavenworthii Leavenworth’s sedge r, lo
·Carex leptalea Bristly-stalk sedge r, lo
·Carex leptonervia Nerveless woodland sedge f, mid-hi
·Carex louisianica Louisiana sedge s, lo
·Carex lucorum var. lucorum Blue Ridge sedge c, mid-hi
·Carex lupulina Hop sedge i, lo
·Carex lurida Sallow sedge o, wr
·Carex misera Wretched sedge s, hi
·Carex nigromarginata Black-edge sedge s, lo
·Carex normalis Greater straw sedge f, mid-hi
·Carex oligocarpa Richwoods sedge r, lo
·Carex pedunculata Long-stalk sedge r, lo
·Carex pensylvanica Pennsylvania sedge c, mid-hi
·Carex plantaginea Plantain-leaf sedge f, wr
·Carex platyphylla Broad-leaf sedge r, lo
·Carex prasina Drooping sedge s, lo
·Carex projecta Necklace sedge i, hi
·Carex purpurifera Purple sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex radiata Eastern star sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex rosea Rosy sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex ruthii Ruth’s sedge o, hi
·Carex scabrata Eastern rough sedge f, wr
·Carex scoparia Pointed broom sedge o, wr
·Carex sparganioides Burr-reed sedge r, lo
·Carex squarrosa Squarrose sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex stipata Stalk-grain sedge o, wr
·Carex striatula Lined sedge unk
·Carex styloflexa Bent sedge o, lo
·Carex swanii Swan’s sedge f, lo-mid
·Carex texensis Texas sedge s, lo
·Carex tonsa var. rugosperma Shaved sedge r, lo
·Carex torta Twisted sedge f, lo-mid
·Carex tribuloides Blunt broom sedge f, wr
·Carex trisperma Three-seed sedge s, wr
·Carex umbellata Parasol sedge r, lo
·Carex virescens Ribbed sedge o, lo-mid
·Carex vulpinoidea Common fox sedge f, lo-mid
·Cymophyllus fraserianus Fraser’s sedge o, lo-mid
·Cyperus bipartitus Shining flat sedge i, lo
·Cyperus croceus Baldwin’s flat sedge o, lo
·Cyperus echinatus Globe flat sedge r, lo
·Cyperus flavescens Yellow flat sedge i, lo
·Cyperus lancastriensis Many-flower flat sedge r, lo
·Cyperus polystachyos var. texensis Many-spike flat sedge f, lo
·Cyperus retrofractus Rough flat sedge r, lo
·Cyperus retrorsus Pine-barren flat sedge o, lo
·Cyperus setigerus Lean flat sedge o, lo
·Cyperus strigosus Straw-colored flat sedge f, lo
·Dulichium arundinaceum Three-way sedge r, lo
·Eleocharis acicularis Needle spike-rush r, lo
·Eleocharis obtusa Blunt spike-rush o, lo-mid
·Eleocharis palustris Common spike-rush r, lo
·Eleocharis tenuis Slender spike-rush r, lo
·Eleocharis tuberculosa Cone-cup spike-rush r, lo
·Fimbristylis autumnalis Slender fimbry s, lo
·Kyllinga gracillima Pasture spike sedge r, lo
·Kyllinga pumila Low spike sedge i, lo
·Rhynchospora capitellata Brownish beak sedge o, lo
·Schoenoplectus purshianus Weak-stalk club-rush r, lo
·Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Soft-stem club-rush s, lo-mid
·Scirpus atrovirens Dark-green bulrush s, lo
·Scirpus cyperinus Cottongrass bulrush o, lo
·Scirpus lineatus Drooping bulrush s, lo
·Scirpus polyphyllus Leafy bulrush o, lo
·Scleria oligantha Little-head nut-rush r, lo
·Scleria pauciflora Few-flower nut-rush o, lo-mid
·Scleria triglomerata Whip nut-rush f, lo-mid
·Trichophorum caespitosum Tufted leafless-bulrush r, hi

DIOSCOREACEAE
·Dioscorea oppositifolia Chinese yam o, lo
·Dioscorea quaternata Four-leaf yam c, lo-mid
·Dioscorea villosa Wild yam unk

IRIDACEAE
·Belamcanda chinensis Blackberry-lily r, lo
·Gladiolus X gandavensis Gladiolus r, hs
·Iris cristata Crested dwarf iris f, lo-mid
·Iris laevigata Rabbit’s-ear iris r, hs
·Iris pseudacorus Pale-yellow iris r, lo
·Iris verna var. smalliana Dwarf violet iris s, lo
·Iris virginica var. shrevei Virginia blueflag r, lo
·Sisyrinchium angustifolium Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass i, lo
·Sisyrinchium atlanticum Eastern blue-eyed-grass o, lo
·Sisyrinchium mucronatum Needle-tip blue-eyed-grass i, lo

JUNCACEAE
·Juncus acuminatus Notty-leaf rush f, wr
·Juncus biflorus Bog rush r, lo
·Juncus brevicaudatus Narrow-panicle rush r, hi
·Juncus canadensis Canadian rush s, lo
·Juncus coriaceus Leathery rush f, wr
·Juncus debilis Weak rush o, lo-mid
·Juncus dichotomus Forked rush r, lo
·Juncus diffusissimus Slim-pod rush r, lo
·Juncus effusus var. solutus Lamp rush f, wr
·Juncus gymnocarpus Pennsylvania rush s, lo-mid
·Juncus interior Inland rush s, wr
·Juncus marginatus Grass-leaf rush i, wr
·Juncus scirpoides Needle-pod rush r, lo
·Juncus tenuis var. tenuis Poverty rush c, wr
·Juncus trifidus Highland rush r, hi
·Luzula acuminata var. acuminata Hairy wood-rush f, lo-mid
·Luzula acuminata var. carolinae Hairy wood-rush unk
·Luzula bulbosa Bulbous wood-rush r, mid-hi
·Luzula echinata Hedgehog wood-rush c, wr
·Luzula multiflora Common wood-rush s, lo

LEMNACEAE
·Lemna minuta Least duckweed r, lo
·Lemna valdiviana Pale duckweed r, lo
·Wolffia brasiliensis Brazilian watermeal r, lo

LILIACEAE
·Aletris farinosa White colicroot s, lo-mid
·Allium ampeloprasum Broad-leaf wild leek r, lo
·Allium burdickii Narrow-leaf wild leek i, mid-hi
·Allium canadense Meadow garlic r, lo-mid
·Allium tricoccum Ramp o, mid-hi
·Allium vineale Crow garlic o, lo
·Amianthium muscitoxicum Flypoison i, hi
·Asparagus officinalis Asparagus r, lo
·Chamaelirium luteum Fairywand i, lo-mid
·Clintonia borealis Yellow bluebead-lily f, hi
·Clintonia umbellulata White bluebead-lily o, mid
·Convallaria majalis European lily-of-the-valley r, lo-mid
·Convallaria majuscula American lily-of-the-valley s, mid-hi
·Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. monostolum Southern Appalachian trout-lily f, hi
·Erythronium umbilicatum ssp. umbilicatum Dimpled trout-lily c, wr
·Hemerocallis fulva Orange day-lily o, hs
·Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus Yellow day-lily r, hs
·Hosta lancifolia Narrow-leaf plantain-lily r, hs
·Hypoxis hirsuta Eastern yellow star-grass c, lo-mid
·Lilium canadense ssp. editorum Canadian lily r, hs
·Lilium grayi Gray’s lily h, mid-hi ·Lilium lancifolium Lance-leaf tiger lily r, hs
·Lilium michauxii Carolina lily o, lo-mid
·Lilium philadelphicum Wood lily h, mid
·Lilium superbum Turk’s-cap lily f, wr
·Liriope spicatum Creeping lilyturf r, hs
·Maianthemum canadense False lily-of-the-valley o, mid
·Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum Feathery false Solomon's-seal c, wr
·Medeola virginiana Indian cucumber-root f, wr
·Melanthium latifolium Slender bunchflower r, lo-mid
·Melanthium parviflorum Appalachian bunch-flower f, lo-mid
·Muscari botryoides Common grape-hyacinth i, hs
·Narcissus poeticus Poet's narcissus r, hs
·Narcissus pseudonarcissus Common daffodil o, hs
·Nothoscordum bivalve Crowpoison r, lo
·Ornithogalum umbellatum Star-of-Bethlehem r, lo
·Polygonatum biflorum var. biflorum King Solomon’s-seal f, lo-mid
·Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum Great Solomon’s-seal o, lo-mid
·Polygonatum pubescens Hairy Solomon’s-seal f, wr
·Prosartes lanuginosa Yellow fairybells f, lo-mid
·Prosartes maculata Yellow-mandarin r, lo
·Stenanthium gramineum Eastern featherbells o, wr
·Streptopus amplexifolius var. amplexifolius Clasping twistedstalk r, hi
·Streptopus lanceolatus var. roseus Lance-leaf twistedstalk o, mid-hi
·Trillium catesbaei Bashful wakerobin f, lo-mid
·Trillium cuneatum Little-sweet-Betsy r, lo
·Trillium erectum Stinking-Benjamin f, wr
·Trillium flexipes Nodding wakerobin r, lo
·Trillium grandiflorum Large-flower wakerobin f, lo-mid
·Trillium luteum Yellow wakerobin f, lo
·Trillium rugelii Ill-scented wakerobin s, lo
·Trillium simile Jeweled wakerobin s, mid
·Trillium undulatum Painted wakerobin o, wr
·Trillium vaseyi Sweet wakerobin o, lo-mid
·Uvularia grandiflora Large-flower bellwort o, lo-mid
·Uvularia perfoliata Perfoliate bellwort f, lo-mid
·Uvularia puberula Mountain bellwort f, lo-mid
·Uvularia sessilifolia Sessile-leaf bellwort i, mid
·Veratrum viride American false hellebore f, hi

ORCHIDACEAE
·Aplectrum hyemale Adam-and-Eve f, lo-mid
·Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus Tuberous grass-pink h, lo-mid
·Cleistes bifaria Small rosebud orchid s, lo-mid
·Coeloglossum viride var. virescens Long-bract frog orchid r, mid
·Corallorhiza maculata Summer coralroot r, mid
·Corallorhiza odontorhiza Autumn coralroot f, lo-mid
·Corallorrhiza wisteriana Spring coralroot r, lo
·Cypripedium acaule Pink lady’s-slipper o, lo-mid
·Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum Lesser yellow lady’s-slipper r, lo-mid
·Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens Yellow lady’s-slipper s, lo-mid
·Epipactis helleborine Helleborine r, mid
·Galearis spectabilis Showy orchid f, lo-mid
·Goodyera pubescens Downy rattlesnake-plantain c, lo-mid
·Goodyera repens Dwarf rattlesnake-plantain i, mid-hi
·Hexalectris spicata Spiked crested-coralroot r, lo
·Isotria verticillata Purple five-leaf orchid s, lo-mid
·Liparis lilifolia Brown wide-lip orchid i, lo
·Liparis loeselii Yellow wide-lip orchid r, hi
·Listera smallii Kidney-leaf twayblade s, mid
·Malaxis unifolia Green adder’s-mouth orchid s, mid-hi
·Platanthera ciliaris Yellow fringed orchid o, lo-mid
·Platanthera clavellata Green woodland orchid f, wr
·Platanthera flava var. flava Southern rein orchid r, lo
·Platanthera flava var. herbiola Pale-green orchid r, lo
·Platanthera grandiflora Greater purple fringed orchid r, hi
·Platanthera lacera Green fringed orchid r, lo
·Platanthera peramoena Pride-of-the-peak r, lo
·Platanthera psycodes Lesser purple fringed orchid s, mid-hi
·Pogonia ophioglossoides Snake-mouth orchid h, lo
·Spiranthes cernua White nodding ladies’-tresses o, wr
·Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis Northern slender ladies’-tresses r, lo-mid
·Spiranthes ochroleuca Yellow nodding ladies’-tresses r, lo-mid
·Spiranthes ovalis October ladies’-tresses s, lo
·Spiranthes tuberosa Little ladies’-tresses s, lo-mid
·Spiranthes vernalis Spring ladies’-tresses r, lo-mid
·Tipularia discolor Crippled cranefly f, lo-mid
·Triphora trianthophora Threebirds o, lo-mid

POACEAE
·Agrostis capillaris Colonial bent r, hi
·Agrostis elliottiana Elliott’s bent r, lo
·Agrostis gigantea Black bent c, wr
·Agrostis hyemalis Winter bent o, wr
·Agrostis mertensii Northern bent r, lo
·Agrostis perennans Upland bent c, wr
·Agrostis scabra Rough bent s, lo-mid
·Alopecurus carolinianus Tufted meadow-foxtail r, hi
·Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem s, lo-mid
·Andropogon glomeratus var. glomeratus Bushy bluestem s, lo
·Andropogon gyrans var. gyrans Elliott’s bluestem s, lo
·Andropogon ternarius Split-beard bluestem s, lo
·Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus Broom-sedge f, wr
·Anthoxanthum odoratum Large sweet vernal grass f, wr
·Aristida purpurascens Arrow-feather three-awn r, lo
·Arrhenatherum elatius var. elatius Tall oat grass i, wr
·Arthraxon hispidus Small carp grass o, lo
·Arundinaria gigantea ssp. gigantea Giant cane o, lo
·Arundinaria appalachiana Hill cane i, lo-mid
·Avena sativa Oat s, lo
·Brachyelytrum erectum Bearded shorthusk s, lo
·Brachyelytrum septentrionale Northern short-husk s, mid-hi
·Bromus ciliatus Fringed brome r, hi
·Bromus commutatus Meadow brome f, wr
·Bromus ssp.inermis var. inermis Smooth brome r, lo & hi
·Bromus japonicus Japanese brome o, wr
·Bromus pubescens Hairy woodland brome f, lo-mid
·Bromus racemosus Bald brome r, lo
·Bromus secalinus Rye brome s, lo
·Bromus tectorum Cheat grass s, lo
·Calamagrostis cainii Cain’s reed grass r, hi
·Calamagrostis croarctata Nuttall’s reed grass s, lo
·Chasmanthium latifolium Indian wood-oats o, lo
·Chasmanthium laxum Slender wood-oats i, lo
·Chasmanthium sessiliflorum Long-leaf wood-oats r, lo
·Cinna arundinacea Sweet wood-reed s, lo-mid
·Cinna latifolia Slender wood-reed c, wr
·Cynodon dactylon Bermuda grass f, lo
·Dactylis glomerata Orchard grass c, wr
·Danthonia compressa Flattened wild oat grass c, wr
·Danthonia sericea Silky wild oat grass o, lo-mid
·Danthonia spicata Poverty wild oat grass o, wr
·Deschampsia flexuosa Wavy hair grass r, hi
·Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum Tapered rosette grass f, lo-mid
·Dichanthelium boscii Bosc’s rosette grass c, lo-mid
·Dichanthelium clandestinum Deer-tongue rosette grass f, lo
·Dichanthelium commutatum Variable rosette grass f, lo
·Dichanthelium depauperatum Starved rosette grass o, lo-mid
·Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Cypress rosette grass o, lo
·Dichanthelium latifolium Broad-leaf rosette grass o, lo-mid
·Dichanthelium laxiflorum Open-flower rosette grass o, lo
·Dichanthelium linearifolium Slim-leaf rosette grass r, lo
·Dichanthelium longligulatum Coastal-plain rosette grass r, lo
·Dichanthelium meridionale Matting rosette grass s, lo
·Dichanthelium sabulorum var. thinium Hemlock rosette grass s, lo-mid
·Dichanthelium scabriusculum Woolly rosette grass unk
·Dichanthelium scoparium Broom rosette grass s, lo
·Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon var. isophyllum Round-seed rosette grass o, lo
·Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon var. sphaerocarpon Round-seed rosette grass o, lo
·Dichanthelium villosissimum var. villosissimum White-hair rosette grass s, lo-mid
·Digitaria filiformis Slender crab grass r, lo
·Digitaria ischaemum Smooth crab grass o, lo-mid
·Digitaria sanguinalis Hairy crab grass f, lo
·Echinochloa colona Jungle-rice r, lo
·Echinochloa crus-galli Large barnyard grass c,lo
·Echinochloa muricata var. muricata Rough barnyard grass r, lo
·Eleusine indica Indian goose grass o, lo
·Elymus hystrix var. hystrix Eastern bottle-brush grass o, wr
·Elymus repens Creeping wild rye o, wr
·Elymus riparius River-bank wild rye r, hi
·Elymus virginicus var. virginicus Virginia wild rye f, wr
·Eragrostis capillaris Lace grass r, lo
·Eragrostis curvula Weeping love grass o, lo
·Eragrostis frankii Sandbar love grass s, lo
·Eragrostis hirsuta Big-top love grass r, lo
·Eragrostis hypnoides Teal love grass s, lo
·Eragrostis spectabilis Petticoat-climber o, lo
·Festuca ovina Sheep fescue r, wr
·Festuca rubra Red fescue s, hi
·Festuca subverticillata Nodding fescue f, wr
·Glyceria melicaria Melic manna grass f, mid-hi
·Glyceria nubigena Smoky Mountain manna grass i, hi
·Glyceria striata Fowl manna grass f, wr
·Holcus lanatus Common velvet grass f, wr
·Hordeum pusillum Little barley r, lo
·Leersia oryzoides Rice cut grass s, lo
·Leersia virginica White grass o, lo
·Lolium perenne ssp. multiflorum Perennial rye grass r, lo
·Lolium perenne ssp. perenne Perennial rye grass o, wr
·Lolium pratense Meadow rye grass c, lo-mid
·Melica mutica Two-flower melic grass s, lo
·Microstegium vimineum Japanese stilt grass, Napalese browntop c, lo-mid
·Milium effusum American millet grass r, hi
·Miscanthus sinensis Chinese silver grass s, wr
·Muhlenbergia frondosa Wire-stem muhly r, hi
·Muhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill c, lo
·Muhlenbergia sylvatica Woodland muhly r, lo
·Muhlenbergia tenuiflora Slender muhly r, lo
·Panicum anceps Beaked panic grass f, hs
·Panicum capillare Common panic grass r, lo
·Panicum dichotomiflorum Fall panic grass s, lo-mid
·Panicum flexile Wiry panic grass r, lo
·Panicum gattingeri Gattinger’s panic grass r, lo
·Panicum miliaceum Hog millet r, lo
·Panicum philadelphicum Philadelphia panic grass o, lo
·Panicum rigidulum var. elongatum Red-top panic grass s, lo
·Panicum rigidulum var. pubescens Red-top panic grass s, lo
·Panicum rigidulum var. rigidulum Red-top panic grass r, lo
·Panicum verrucosum Warty panic grass o, lo
·Panicum virgatum Wand panic grass s, lo
·Paspalum dilatatum Golden crown grass o, lo
·Paspalum laeve Field crown grass o, lo
·Paspalum pubiflorum Hairy-seed crown grass o, lo
·Paspalum setaceum Slender crown grass o, lo
·Paspalum urvillei Vasey-grass o, lo
·Phalaris arundinacea Reed canary grass r, mid-hi
·Phleum pratense Common timothy c, wr
·Piptochaetium avenaceum Black-seed spear grass s, lo-mid
·Poa alsodes Grove blue grass f, wr
·Poa annua Annual blue grass c, wr
·Poa autumnalis Autumn blue grass o, lo
·Poa chapmaniana Chapman’s blue grass s, wr
·Poa compressa Flat-stem blue grass o, wr
·Poa cuspidata Early blue grass c, wr
·Poa paludigena Bog blue grass r, mid
·Poa palustris Fowl blue grass r, mid-hi
·Poa pratensis Kentucky blue grass f, wr
·Poa saltuensis Old-pasture blue grass r, mid
·Poa sylvestris Woodland blue grass r, lo-mid
·Poa trivialis Rough-stalk blue grass s, lo
·Saccharum alopecuroidum Silver plume grass s, lo
·Saccharum giganteum Giant plume grass r, lo
·Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium Little false bluestem f, lo-mid
·Secale cereale Rye o, lo
·Setaria faberi Japanese bristle grass r, lo
·Setaria italica Italian bristle grass r, lo
·Setaria parviflora Marsh bristle grass o, lo
·Setaria pumila Yellow bristle grass r, lo
·Setaria viridis var. viridis Green bristle grass r, lo
·Sorghastrum elliottii Long-bristle Indian grass r, lo
·Sorghastrum nutans Yellow Indian grass f, lo-mid
·Sorghum bicolor Broom-corn r, lo
·Sorghum halepense Johnson grass i, lo
·Sphenopholis intermedia Slender wedgescale r, lo
·Sphenopholis nitida Shiny wedgescale s, lo
·Sphenopholis obtusata Prarie wedgescale s, lo
·Sphenopholis pensylvanica Swamp wedgescale i, lo-mid
·Sporobolus indicus var. indicus Smut grass o, lo
·Tridens flavus var. chapmanii Tall redtop r, lo
·Tridens flavus var. flavus Tall redtop f, lo
·Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern mock grama r, lo
·Triticum aestivum Wheat r, lo
·Vulpia bromoides Brome six-weeks grass r, lo-mid
·Vulpia octoflora var. octoflora Eight-flower six-weeks grass i, lo

POTAMOGETONACEAE
·Potamogeton amplifolius Large-leaf pondweed s, lo
·Potamogeton tennesseensis Tennessee pondweed r, lo

SMILACACEAE
·Smilax biltmoreana Biltmore’s carrion-flower h, lo
·Smilax bona-nox Fringed greenbrier r, lo
·Smilax glauca Sawbrier c, lo-mid
·Smilax herbacea Smooth carrion-flower f, wr
·Smilax hugeri Huger’s carrion-flower r, lo
·Smilax rotundifolia Horsebrier c, lo-mid
·Smilax tamnoides Chinaroot o, lo-mid

SPARGANIACEAE
·Sparganium americanum American burr-reed s, lo
·Sparganium androcladum Branched burr-reed x, lo

TYPHACEAE
·Typha latifolia Broad-leaf cat-tail r, lo

XYRIDACEAE
·Xyris torta Slender yellow-eyed-grass r, lo

ANGIOSPERMS — DICOTYLEDONEAE
ACANTHACEAE
·Justicia americana American water-willow i, lo
·Ruellia caroliniensis ssp. caroliniensis var. caroliniensis Carolina wild petunia i, lo
·Ruellia humilis ssp. ciliosa var. cinerascens Fringe-leaf wild petunia h, lo

ACERACEAE
·Acer leucoderme Chalk maple s, lo
·Acer negundo Box-elder, Ash-leaf maple f, lo
·Acer pensylvanicum Striped maple, moosewood c, wr
·Acer platanoides Norway maple x, hs
·Acer rubrum var. rubrum Red maple c, wr
·Acer rubrum var. trilobum Trident maple i, lo
·Acer saccharinum Silver maple r, lo
·Acer saccharum Sugar maple c, wr
·Acer spicatum Mountain maple c, mid-hi

AMARANTHACEAE
·Amaranthus albus Tumbleweed r, lo
·Amaranthus hybridus Smooth amaranth s, lo
·Amaranthus retroflexus Red-root amaranth r, lo
·Amaranthus spinosus Spiny amaranth i, lo

ANACARDIACEAE
·Rhus aromatica Fragrant sumac r, lo
·Rhus copallinum var. copallinum Winged sumac c, lo-mid
·Rhus copallinum var. latifolia Winged sumac i, lo-mid
·Rhus glabra Smooth sumac f, lo-mid
·Rhus typhina Stag-horn sumac i, lo-mid
·Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans Eastern poison-ivy c, lo-mid

ANNONACEAE
·Asimina triloba Common pawpaw o, lo

APIACEAE
·Aegopodium podagraria Bishop’s-goutweed r, lo
·Angelica triquinata Filmy angelica f, hi
·Angelica venenosa Hairy angelica f, lo-mid
·Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri Hairy-fruit chervil o, lo
·Cicuta maculata Spotted water-hemlock s, lo
·Cryptotaenia canadensis Canadian honewort f, lo-mid
·Daucus carota Queen Anne’s-lace c, wr
·Eryngium prostratum Rattlesnake-master, Creeping eryngo h, lo
·Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium Rattlesnake-master, Button eryngo r, lo
·Heracleum maximum American cow-parsnip s, hi
·Hydrocotyle americana American marsh-pennywort x, lo
·Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lawn marsh-pennywort r, lo
·Ligusticum canadense Canadian wild loveage o, mid
·Osmorhiza claytonii Hairy sweet-cicely c, lo-mid
·Osmorhiza longistylis Aniseroot f, lo-mid
·Oxypolis rigidior Stiff cowbane f, wr
·Pastinaca sativa Wild parsnip r, lo
·Sanicula canadensis Canadian black-snakeroot c, lo-mid
·Sanicula marilandica Maryland black-snakeroot o, wr
·Sanicula odorata Sanicle, Clustered black-snakeroot f, lo-mid
·Sanicula smallii Small’s black-snakeroot s, wr
·Sanicula trifoliata Large-fruit black-snakeroot o, lo-mid
·Taenidia integerrima Yellow-pimpernel i, lo-mid
·Thaspium barbinode Hairy-joint meadow-parsnip f, lo-mid
·Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum Yellow meadow-parsnip f, lo-mid
·Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum Purple meadow-parsnip f, lo-mid
·Torilis japonica Erect hedge-parsley r, lo
·Zizia aptera Heart-leaf alexanders o, lo-mid
·Zizia trifoliata Meadow alexanders o, lo-mid

APOCYNACEAE
·Amsonia tabernaemontana var. tabernaemontana Eastern bluestar r, lo
·Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading dogbane r, lo
·Apocynum cannabinum Indian-hemp s, lo
·Vinca major Greater periwinkle r, hs
·Vinca minor Lesser periwinkle o, hs

AQUIFOLIACEAE
·Ilex ambigua Carolina holly o, lo-mid
·Ilex collina Long-stalk holly r, hi
·Ilex montana Mountain holly c, mid-hi
·Ilex opaca American holly f, lo-mid
·Ilex verticillata Common winterberry r, lo & hi

ARALIACEAE
·Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsaparilla o, mid-hi
·Aralia racemosa American spikenard o, wr
·Aralia spinosa Devil’s-walkingstick f, lo-mid
·Hedera helix English-ivy i, lo
·Panax quinquefolius American ginseng i, wr
·Panax trifolius Dwarf ginseng s, mid

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
·Aristolochia macrophylla Pipevine c, lo-mid
·Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia-snakeroot s, lo
·Asarum canadense Canadian wild ginger o, lo-mid
·Hexastylis arifolia Little-brown-jug f, lo-mid
·Hexastylis shuttleworthii Large flower heartleaf s, lo

ASCLEPIADACEAE
·Asclepias amplexicaulis Clasping milkweed s, lo-mid
·Asclepias exaltata Poke milkweed f, lo-mid
·Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra Swamp milkweed s, lo
·Asclepias quadrifolia Four-leaf milkweed o,
lo-mid ·Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed r, lo
·Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly milkweed o, lo-mid
·Asclepias variegata Red-ring milkweed o, lo-mid
·Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed r, lo-mid
·Cynanchum laeve Honeyvine r, lo
·Matelea gonocarpos Angular-fruit milkvine r, lo
·Matelea obliqua Climbing milkvine r, lo

ASTERACEAE
·Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis Common yarrow f, wr
·Ageratina altissima var. altissima White snakeroot f, lo-mid
·Ageratina altissima var. roanensis Appalachian white snakeroot f, hi
·Ageratina aromatica var. aromatica Lesser snakeroot i, lo-mid
·Ambrosia artemisiifolia Annual ragweed f, wr
·Ambrosia trifida Great ragweed o, lo
·Antennaria neglecta Field pussytoes o, lo
·Antennaria plantaginifolia Woman’s-tobacco o, lo-mid
·Antennaria solitaria Single-head pussytoes o, lo
·Anthemis arvensis Corn chamomile o, lo
·Anthemis cotula Stinking chamomile s, lo-mid
·Arctium minus Lesser burrdock o, lo
·Arnoglossum atriplicifolium Pale Indian-plantain f, wr
·Arnoglossum muehlenbergii Great Indian-plantain o, lo
·Artemisia abrotanum Southern wormwood r, hs
·Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. mexicana White sagebrush s, lo
·Artemisia vulgaris Common wormwood r, lo
·Aster tataricus Tartarian aster r, hs
·Bidens aristosa Bearded beggarticks o, lo
·Bidens bipinnata Spanish-needles o, lo
·Bidens cernua Nodding burr-marigold s, lo
·Bidens frondosa Devil’s-pitchfork o, lo-mid
·Bidens polylepis Bearded beggarticks r, lo
·Bidens tripartita Three-lobe beggarticks o, lo
·Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides False boneset r, lo
·Carduus nutans Nodding plumeless-thistle r, lo-hi
·Centaurea biebersteinii Spotted knapweed r, lo
·Centaurea cyanus Garden cornflower r, lo
·Centaurea jacea Brown-ray knapweed r, hi
·Chrysopsis mariana Maryland golden-aster f, lo-mid
·Cichorium intybus Chicory o, lo
·Cirsium altissimum Tall thistle o, lo-mid
·Cirsium arvense Canadian thistle o, lo-mid
·Cirsium carolinianum Soft thistle r, mid
·Cirsium discolor Field thistle r, lo
·Cirsium muticum Swamp thistle o, lo-mid
·Cirsium vulgare Bull thistle o, lo
·Conoclinium coelestinum Blue mistflower o, lo-mid
·Conyza canadensis Canadian horseweed o, wr
·Coreopsis auriculata Lobed tickseed r, lo
·Coreopsis major Greater tickseed c, lo-mid
·Coreopsis pubescens Star tickseed i, wr
·Coreopsis tinctoria Golden tickseed s, lo
·Coreopsis tripteris Tall tickseed s, lo
·Crepis capillaris Smooth hawk’s-beard r, lo
·Crepis pulchra Small-flower hawk's-beard r, lo
·Doellingeria infirma Cornel-leaf white-top f, lo-mid
·Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata Parasol white-top s, wr
·Eclipta prostrata False daisy r, lo
·Elephantopus carolinianus Carolina elephant’s-foot f, lo-mid
·Elephantopus tomentosus Devil’s grandmother o, lo-mid
·Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia Pilewort, American burnweed o, lo-mid
·Erigeron annuus Eastern daisy fleabane o, lo
·Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane o, lo
·Erigeron pulchellus Robin’s-plantain c, lo
·Erigeron strigosus Prarie fleabane o, lo
·Eupatorium album White thoroughwort f, lo-mid
·Eupatorium capillifolium Dog-fennel r, lo-mid
·Eupatorium fistulosum Trumpetweed f, lo
·Eupatorium hyssopifolium Hyssop-leaf thoroughwort s, lo
·Eupatorium maculatum Spotted Joe-Pye-weed r, lo
·Eupatorium perfoliatum Common boneset o, lo-mid
·Eupatorium purpureum Sweet-scented Joe-Pye weed o, mid-hi
·Eupatorium rotundifolium var. ovatum Round-leaf thoroughwort r, lo
·Eupatorium rotundifolium var. rotundifolium Round-leaf thoroughwort o, lo
·Eupatorium serotinum Late-flowering thoroughwort o, lo
·Eupatorium sessilifolium Upland boneset s, lo
·Eupatorium steelei Appalachian Joe-Pye-weed o, mid-hi
·Eurybia chlorolepis Mountain wood-aster f, hi
·Eurybia divaricata White wood-aster c, lo-mid
·Eurybia macrophylla Large-leaf wood-aster o, wr
·Eurybia surculosa Michaux’s wood-aster c, lo-mid
·Galinsoga quadriradiata Peruvian daisy, Shaggy-soldier i, wr
·Gamochaeta purpurea Spoon-leaf purple everlasting o, lo-mid
·Helenium amarum Yellowdicks s, lo
·Helenium autumnale Fall sneezeweed o, lo-mid
·Helenium flexuosum Purple-head sneezeweed s, lo
·Helianthus angustifolius Swamp sunflower r, lo
·Helianthus atrorubens Purple-disk sunflower o, lo-mid
·Helianthus decapetalus Thin-leaf sunflower o, wr
·Helianthus divaricatus Woodland sunflower s, lo
·Helianthus glaucophyllus White-leaf sunflower s, mid
·Helianthus microcephalus Small woodland sunflower f, lo-mid
·Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem-artichoke r, lo & hi
·Heliopsis helianthoides Smooth oxeye o, lo
·Hieracium aurantiacum Devil’s-paintbrush r, lo
·Hieracium caespitosum Meadow hawkweed i, lo-mid
·Hieracium gronovii Queendevil o, lo-mid
·Hieracium marianum Maryland hawkweed unk
·Hieracium paniculatum Allegheny hawkweed c, lo-mid
·Hieracium pilosella Mouse-ear hawkweed o, mid-hi
·Hieracium piloselloides Tall hawkweed s, lo-mid
·Hieracium scabrum Rough hawkweed o, mid-hi
·Hieracium venosum Rattlesnake-weed c, lo-mid
·Hypochaeris radicata Hairy cat’s-ear o, wr
·Ionactis linariifolius Flax-leaf ankle-aster o, lo
·Iva annua Annual marsh-elder r, lo
·Krigia biflora Two-flower dwarf-dandelion o, wr
·Krigia caespitosa Weedy dwarf-dandelion r, mid
·Krigia dandelion Potato dwarf-dandelion s, lo
·Krigia montana Mountain dwarf-dandelion r, hi
·Krigia virginica Virginia dwarf-dandelion o, lo-mid
·Lactuca biennis Wild blue lettuce o, lo
·Lactuca canadensis Florida blue lettuce o, lo-mid
·Lactuca floridana Woodland lettuce o, lo
·Lactuca hirsuta Hairy lettuce r, lo
·Lactuca serriola Prickly lettuce o, lo
·Lapsana communis Common nipplewort r, mid
·Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye daisy c, wr
·Liatris spicata Dense gayfeather o, lo-mid
·Liatris squarrosa Scaly gayfeather r, lo
·Liatris squarrulosa Appalachian gayfeather o, lo-mid
·Matricaria discoidea Pineapple-weed s, lo
·Oclemena acuminata Whorled nodding-aster f, mid-hi
·Packera anonyma Yellow ragwort, Small’s groundsel f, lo-mid
·Packera aurea Golden grounsel o, lo
·Packera obovata Round-leaf groundsel i, lo
·Parthenium integrifolium Wild quinine r, lo
·Pityopsis graminifolia var. graminifolia Narrow-leaf silk-grass f, lo-mid
·Pluchea camphorata Plowman’s-wort r, lo
·Polymnia canadensis White-flower leafcup s, lo
·Polymnia laevigata Tennessee leafcup r, lo
·Prenanthes alba White rattlesnake-root r, mid
·Prenanthes altissima Tall rattlesnake-root c, wr
·Prenanthes roanensis Roan Mountain rattlesnake-root f, hi
·Prenanthes serpentaria Cankerweed s, lo
·Prenanthes trifoliolata Gall-of-the-Earth f, lo-mid
·Pseudognaphalium helleri ssp. helleri Heller’s rabbit-tobacco o, lo-mid
·Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium Blunt-leaf rabbit-tobacco o, lo-mid
·Pyrrhopappus carolinianus Carolina desert-chicory o, lo
·Rudbeckia fulgida var. fulgida Orange coneflower o, lo
·Rudbeckia fulgida var. umbrosa Orange coneflower o, lo
·Rudbeckia hirta var. hirta Black-eyed-susan c, wr
·Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima Blackeyed-susan c, wr
·Rudbeckia laciniata var. humilis Green-head coneflower c, wr
·Rudbeckia triloba Brown-eyed-susan o, lo
·Rugelia nudicaulis Rugel's ragwort, Rugel’s Indian-plantain o, mid-hi
·Sericocarpus asteroides Toothed-white-top-aster f, lo-mid
·Sericocarpus linifolius Narrow-leaf white-top aster o, lo
·Silphium asteriscus var. asteriscus Starry rosinweed o, lo
·Silphium asteriscus var. laevicaule Starry rosinweed s, lo
·Silphium compositum Kidney-leaf rosinweed s, lo-mid
·Smallanthus uvedalius Bear's-foot o, lo-mid
·Solidago arguta Atlantic goldenrod f, lo-mid
·Solidago bicolor White goldenrod f, wr
·Solidago caesia Wreath goldenrod r, lo
·Solidago canadensis var. scabra Canadian goldenrod f, wr
·Solidago curtisii Curtis' goldenrod c, lo-mid
·Solidago erecta Slender goldenrod f, lo-mid
·Solidago flaccidifolia Mountain goldenrod r, lo
·Solidago flexicaulis Zigzag goldenrod o, lo-mid
·Solidago gigantea Late goldenrod f, lo
·Solidago glomerata Skunk goldenrod, Clustered goldenrod f, hi
·Solidago hispida Hairy goldenrod unk
·Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis Gray goldenrod f, wr
·Solidago odora Anise-scented goldenrod f, lo-mid
·Solidago patula Round-leaf goldenrod o, wr
·Solidago puberula Downy goldenrod f, wr
·Solidago roanensis Roan Mountain goldenrod f, mid-hi
·Solidago rugosa ssp. aspera Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod s, lo
·Solidago speciosa var. rigidiscula Showy goldenrod s, lo
·Solidago sphacelata Autumn goldenrod s, lo
·Sonchus asper Spiny-leaf sow-thistle s, lo-mid
·Symphyotrichum concolor Eastern silver American-aster r, lo
·Symphyotrichum cordifolium Heart-leaf aster f, wr
·Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum Bushy aster, Rice button American-aster f, lo
·Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum Calico aster, Farewell-summer c, wr
·Symphyotrichum lowrieanum Lowrie’s American-aster f, wr
·Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England American-aster r, lo
·Symphyotrichum oblongifolium Aromatic American-aster r, lo
·Symphyotrichum patens var. patens Late purple American-aster f, lo-mid
·Symphyotrichum patens var. patentissimum Late purple American-aster f, lo-mid
·Symphyotrichum phlogifolium Phlox-leaf American-aster f, lo-mid
·Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum White oldfield American-aster c, lo
·Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum Purple-stem American-aster f, wr
·Symphyotrichum retroflexum Rigid white-top American-aster c, wr
·Symphyotrichum undulatum Wavy-leaf American-aster c, lo-mid
·Symphyotrichum urophyllum White arrow American-aster r, lo
·Tanacetum vulgare Common tansy r, mid
·Taraxacum laevigatum Red-seed dandelion s, lo
·Taraxacum officinale Common dandelion c, wr
·Tragopogon pratensis Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon r, lo
·Tussilago farfara Colt's-foot r, lo
·Verbesina alternifolia Wingstem o, lo
·Verbesina occidentalis Yellow crownbeard i, lo
·Verbesina virginica White crownbeard r, lo
·Vernonia gigantea Tall ironweed o, lo
·Vernonia noveboracensis New York ironweed s, lo-mid
·Xanthium strumarium var. glabratum Rough cockleburr s, lo
·Youngia japonica Oriental false hawk’s-beard r, lo

BALSAMINACEAE
·Impatiens capensis Spotted touch-me-not c, lo-mid
·Impatiens pallida Pale touch-me-not c, mid-hi

BERBERIDACEAE
·Berberis thunbergii Japanese barberry r, lo
·Berberis vulgaris European barberry r, lo
·Caulophyllum thalictroides Blue cohosh f, wr
·Diphylleia cymosa American umbrella-leaf f, mid-hi
·Nandina domestica Sacred-bamboo r, lo
·Mahonia bealei Beale’s Oregon-grape r, lo
·Podophyllum peltatum May-apple c, wr

BETULACEAE
·Alnus serrulata Common alder f, lo-mid
·Betula alleghaniensis Yellow birch c, wr
·Betula lenta Sweet birch c, lo-mid
·Betula nigra River birch i, lo-mid
·Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia Heart-leaf paper birch r, mid
·Betula pendula European weeping birch r, mid
·Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam c, lo-mid
·Corylus americana American hazelnut i, lo
·Corylus cornuta Beaked hazelnut r, mid-hi
·Ostrya virginiana Eastern hop-hornbeam o, lo-mid

BIGNONIACEAE
·Bignonia capreolata Crossvine f, lo
·Campsis radicans Trumpet-creeper o, lo
·Catalpa speciosa Northern catalpa r, lo

BORAGINACEAE
·Buglossoides arvensis Corn-gromwell o, lo
·Cynoglossum virginianum Wild comfrey o, lo
·Echium vulgare Common viper’s-bugloss r, mid
·Hackelia virginiana Beggar’s-lice s, lo-mid
·Lithospermum canescens Hoary puccoon r, lo
·Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells r, lo
·Myosotis macrosperma Large-seed forget-me-not o, lo-mid
·Myosotis scorpioides True forget-me-not s, hs
·Myosotis verna Spring forget-me-not s, lo

BRASSICACEAE
·Alliaria petiolata Garlic-mustard r, lo
·Arabidopsis thaliana Thalecress s, lo
·Arabis canadensis Sicklepod o, lo-mid
·Arabis laevigata var. burkii Smooth rockcress h, lo-mid
·Arabis laevigata var. laevigata Smooth rockcress f, lo-mid
·Arabis lyrata Lyre-leaf rockcress r, lo
·Barbarea verna Early yellow-rocket r, lo
·Barbarea vulgaris Garden yellow-rocket o, lo-mid
·Brassica juncea Chinese mustard s, lo
·Brassica rapa Rape i, lo
·Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd’s-purse i, lo
·Cardamine angustata Slender toothwort r, lo
·Cardamine clematitis Small mountain bitter-cress s, mid-hi
·Cardamine concatenata Cut-leaf toothwort f, lo-mid
·Cardamine dissecta Fork-leaf toothwort r, lo
·Cardamine diphylla Toothwort, Crinkleroot c, lo-mid
·Cardamine flagellifera Blue Ridge bittercress r, lo
·Cardamine hirsuta Hairy bittercress c, lo-mid
·Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola Sand bitter-cress o, lo-mid
·Cardamine pensylvanica Quaker bittercress r, mid
·Cardamine rotundifolia American bittercress r, lo
·Conringia orientalis Hare’s-ear-mustard r, lo
·Draba brachycarpa Short-pod whitlow-grass s, lo
·Draba ramosissima Branched whitlow-grass s, lo
·Draba verna Spring whitlow-grass s, lo
·Erysimum cheiranthoides Worm-seed wallflower r, lo
·Lepidium campestre Cow-cress s, lo
·Lepidium virginicum Poorman’s-pepperwort i, lo
·Lunaria annua Moneyplant, Annual honesty r, lo
·Microthlaspi perfoliatum Pennycress r, lo
·Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Watercress o, lo
·Rorippa palustris ssp. fernaldiana Bog yellow-cress s, lo
·Sibara virginica Virginia winged-rockcress i, lo
·Sisymbrium officinale Hedge-mustard r, lo

BUDDLEJACEAE
·Buddleja davidii Orange-eye butterfly-bush r, lo
·Polypremum procumbens Juniper-leaf r, lo

BUXACEAE
·Buxus sempervirens Boxwood, Common box i, hs
·Pachysandra procumbens Mountain-spurge r, lo
·Pachysandra terminalis Japanese mountain-spurge r, hs

CALLITRICHACEAE
·Callitriche heterophylla Greater water-starwort s, lo
·Callitriche terrestris Terrestrial water-starwort r, lo

CALYCANTHACEAE
·Calycanthus floridus var. glaucus Eastern sweet-shrub c, lo-mid

CAMPANULACEAE
·Campanula aparinoides Marsh bellflower r, lo
·Campanula divaricata Southern harebell, Small bonny bellflower c, lo-mid
·Campanulastrum americanum American bellflower o, lo-mid
·Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal-flower o, lo-mid
·Lobelia inflata Indian-tobacco f, lo-mid
·Lobelia puberula Downy lobelia o, lo-mid
·Lobelia siphilitica Great blue lobelia o, lo
·Lobelia spicata var. leptostachys Pale-spike lobelia r, lo
·Triodanis perfoliata var. perfoliata Clasping-leaf Venus’ looking-glass f, lo-mid

CANNABACEAE
·Cannabis sativa Hemp r, lo

CAPPARACEAE
·Cleome hassleriana Pinkqueen s, lo

CAPRIFOLIACEAE
·Diervilla lonicera Northern bush-honeysuckle r, hi
·Diervilla sessilifolia Southern bush-honeysuckle c, hi
·Linnaea borealis American twinflower h, mid-hi
·Lonicera canadensis American fly-honeysuckle s, mid-hi
·Lonicera fragrantissima Sweet-breath-of-spring r, hs
·Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle f, lo
·Lonicera korolkowii Small-leaved honeysuckler, lo
·Lonicera maackii Amur honeysuckle s, hs
·Lonicera morrowii Morrow’s honeysuckle s, lo
·Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet honeysuckle s, hs or lo
·Lonicera standishii Standish's honeysuckle r, lo
·Lonicera tatarica Twinsisters r, hs
·Sambucus nigra ssp.canadensis Black elder c, lo-mid
·Sambucus racemosa var. pubens Red elder c, wr
·Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coral-berry o, wr
·Triosteum angustifolium Yellow-fruit horse-gentian r, mid
·Triosteum aurantiacum Orange-fruit horse-gentian r, wr
·Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaf arrow-wood c, lo-mid
·Viburnum dentatum var. dentatum Southern arrow-wood s, lo-mid
·Viburnum lantana Way-faring tree r, lo
·Viburnum lantanoides Hobblebush c, mid-hi
·Viburnum lentago Nanny-berry h, wr
·Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides Possomhaw o, wr
·Viburnum opulus Highbush-cranberry r, hs
·Viburnum plicatum Japanese-snowball r, lo
·Viburnum prunifolium Smooth blackhaw s, lo
·Viburnum rufidulum Rusty blackhaw r, lo
·Weigela florida Old-fashioned weigela r, hs

CARYOPHYLLACEAE
·Agrostemma githago Common corncockle r, lo
·Arenaria serpyllifolia Thyme-leaf sandwort i, wr
·Cerastium brachypetalum Gray mouse-ear chickweed r, lo
·Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare Common mouse-ear chickweed o, lo-mid
·Cerastium glomeratum Sticky mouse-ear chickweed r, lo
·Cerastium nutans var. nutans Nodding mouse-ear chickweed o, lo
·Dianthus armeria Deptford pink o, lo-mid
·Dianthus barbatus Sweetwilliam r, lo
·Holosteum umbellatum Jagged-chickweed r, lo
·Lychnis coronaria Rose campion s, wr
·Paronychia canadensis Smooth forked nailwort i, lo-mid
·Paronychia fastigiata Hairy forked nailwort s, lo
·Sagina decumbens Trailing pearlwort s, lo
·Saponaria officinalis Bouncing-bett o, lo
·Silene antirrhina Sleepy catchfly s, lo
·Silene latifolia ssp. alba Bladder-campion s, wr
·Silene ovata Blue Ridge catchfly r, mid
·Silene rotundifolia Round-leaf catchfly x, lo
·Silene stellata Widow’s-frill f, lo-mid
·Silene virginica Fire-pink f, lo-mid
·Silene vulgaris Maiden’s-tears s, lo-mid
·Stellaria alsine Bog chickweed r, hi
·Stellaria corei Tennessee starwort o, lo-mid
·Stellaria graminea Grass-leaf starwort o, lo-mid
·Stellaria longifolia Long-leaf starwort x, lo
·Stellaria media Common chickweed o, lo-mid
·Stellaria pubera Great chickweed c, lo-mid

CELASTRACEAE
·Celastrus orbiculata Asian bittersweet o, lo
·Celastrus scandens American bittersweet r, lo
·Euonymus alata Winged spindletree r, lo
·Euonymus americana Heart’s-a-busting, American strawberry-bush c, lo-mid
·Euonymus atropurpurea Eastern wahoo r, lo
·Euonymus fortunei Winter-creeper i, lo
·Euonymus obovata Running strawberry-bush f, mid

CHENOPODIACEAE
·Chenopodium album Lamb’s-quarters s, lo
·Chenopodium ambrosioides Mexican-tea o, lo-mid
·Chenopodium murale Nettle-leaf goosefoot r, lo

CISTACEAE
·Helianthemum bicknellii Hoary frostweed x, mid-hi
·Helianthemum canadense Long-branch frostweed x, mid
·Lechea racemulosa Oblong-fruit pinweed f, wr

CLETHRACEAE
·Clethra acuminata Mountain sweet pepper-bush o, lo-mid

CLUSIACEAE
·Hypericum densiflorum Bushy St. John’s wort r, lo
·Hypericum gentianoides Pineweed, Orange-grass i, lo
·Hypericum graveolens Mountain St. John’s wort r, hi
·Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides St. Andrew’s cross o, lo
·Hypericum hypericoides ssp. multicaule St. Andrew’s cross f, wr
·Hypericum mitchellianum Blue Ridge St. John’s wort r, mid-hi
·Hypericum mutilum Dwarf St. John’s-wort f, wr
·Hypericum perforatum Common St. John's wort o, lo
·Hypericum punctatum Spotted St. John’s wort o, wr

CONVOLVULACEAE
·Calystegia sepium Hedge false bindweed o, lo
·Calystegia spithamaea Low false bindweed o, lo
·Ipomoea coccinea Redstar i, lo
·Ipomoea hederacea Ivy-leaf morning-glory o, lo
·Ipomoea lacunosa Whitestar o, lo
·Ipomoea pandurata Man-of-the-earth o, lo
·Ipomoea purpurea Common morning-glory o, lo

CORNACEAE
·Cornus alternifolia Alternate-leaf dogwood f, wr
·Cornus amomum Silky dogwood o, lo
·Cornus florida Flowering dogwood c, lo-mid

CRASSULACEAE
·Hylotelephium spectabile Showy annual-stonecrop r, hs
·Hylotelephium telephium Witch’s-moneybags s, hs
·Penthorum sedoides Ditch-stonecrop r, lo
·Sedum acre Mossy stonecrop r, hs
·Sedum sarmentosum Stringy stonecrop r, hs
·Sedum ternatum Woodland stonecrop c, lo-mid

CUCURBITACEAE
·Cucumis melo Canteloupe r, lo
·Melothria pendula Melonette, Guadeloupe-cucumber r, lo
·Sicyos angulatus One-seed burr-cucumber r, lo-mid

CUSCUTACEAE
·Cuscuta compacta Compact dodder s, lo
·Cuscuta gronovii Scaldweed r, lo
·Cuscuta pentagona var. pentagona Bush-clover dodder o, lo
·Cuscuta rostrata Beaked dodder f, wr

DIAPENSIACEAE
·Galax urceolata Galax, Beetleweed c, wr

DIPSACACEAE
·Dipsacus fullonum Fuller’s teasel r, hi

DROSERACEAE
·Drosera rotundifolia Round-leaf sundew r, hi

EBENACEAE
·Diospyros virginiana Common persimmon f, lo

ELAEGNACEAE
·Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian-olive r, lo

ERICACEAE
·Epigaea repens Trailing arbutus c, wr
·Gaultheria procumbens Wintergreen, Eastern teaberry c, wr
·Gaylussacia baccata Black huckleberry o, wr
·Gaylussacia ursina Bear huckleberry f, lo-mid
·Kalmia latifolia Mountain laurel c, wr
·Leiophyllum buxifolium Sand myrtle i, mid-hi
·Leucothoe fontanesiana Highland doghobble f, wr
·Leucothoe recurva Red-twig doghobble i, mid
·Lyonia ligustrina Maleberry o, wr
·Menziesia pilosa Minniebush s, hi
·Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood c, lo-mid
·Pieris floribunda Mountain fetterbush s, mid
·Rhododendron arborescens Smooth azalea s, lo & hi
·Rhododendron calendulaceum Flame azalea f, wr
·Rhododendr<